After Care Recommended for your Dentures

The biggest adjustment to new dentures is the strange feeling they will have as compared to your old dentures. The bite will feel different, the feel of the roof of the mouth will feel different, your speech will be effected. You will be come adjusted to these new contours in time or sometimes the dentures can be adjusted to feel more like your old dentures. You need to persevere during the first week or two so that the new dentures feel natural and you become accustomed to your new smile.

It is a certainty that you will get sore spots that need to be adjusted; usually mostly with the lower denture-expect this and don’t lose heart, with your help the dentures will be adjusted over time and made as comfortable as possible. This is when implants provide comfort for lower denture wearers… but that’s another topic covered elsewhere on this site. Rinse with salt water and leave the denture out if the sore spot is intolerable, but always place the denture back in a few hours before your adjustment appointment as this will aid in locating and adjusting the right area to relieve your sore spot.

The same information applies for immediate dentures as well. For immediate denture patients the strange feeling of the dentures will be very significant and take real perseverance to adjust to. You will have denture sore spots and sore areas from the extractions that will need to be dealt with. I expect to see immediate denture patients almost daily for the first week or so for adjustments and encouragement. The results will be worth it and you can always have implants placed to help retain and stabilize the dentures. Your immediate dentures may be temporary dentures for you to use as your implant prosthesis is being fabricated.

Complete Denture

Complete dentures replace all of the missing teeth in the upper and lower jaws or both. They also help restore lost facial contours caused by the shrinkage of the jaws. It is the goal of complete denture treatment to provide a pleasing, natural appearance as well as providing the ability to masticate a healthy diet.

Complete dentures can be either “conventional” or “immediate.” Made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has begun to heal, a conventional denture is ready for placement in the mouth about eight to 12 weeks after the teeth have been removed.

Unlike conventional dentures, immediate dentures are made in advance and can be positioned as soon as the teeth are removed. As a result, the wearer does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, bones and gums shrink over time, especially during the healing period following tooth removal. Therefore a disadvantage of immediate dentures compared with conventional dentures is that they require more adjustments to fit properly during the healing process and generally should only be considered a temporary solution until conventional dentures can be made.

Partial Dentures

A partial denture is a device for replacing missing natural teeth that can be permanent or removable.

Removable partial dentures replace some, but not all, of the teeth in a dental arch. They are made of a cobalt-chrome metal skeleton to which is attached artificial teeth. The prostheses by your dentist are of varied designs, some of which are pictured here.

A partial denture will

  • Replace missing teeth to restore your attractive smile
  • Prevent drifting of teeth
  • Improve your bite and speech
  • Make chewing easier and more comfortable

A partial denture can be made when one or more of your natural teeth remain in your upper or lower jaw to anchor the partial to. This removable partial usually consist of replacement teeth attached to pink or gum-colored plastic bases, which are connected by a metal framework.

Your missing teeth are replaced by the teeth on the partial denture. The partial denture than attaches to your natural teeth with metal clasps. These metal clasps are hook-like structures that help hold it in place. Please make an appointment today and ask your dentist for further information.


Implant Placement is performed by a Periodontist or Oral Surgeon and the GENERAL DENTIST fabricates the restorations on the implants.

Care for your Dentures and Partials

Wear your dentures or partials during the day, take out at night

  • Be careful not to drop or scratch – fragile
  • Brush dentures with liquid soap or denture dentifrice. No toothpaste!
  • Store dentures or partials in clean water when not wearing
  • Use a soft toothbrush to clean gums and tongue

Instructions for Complete Denture Patients

Our patients normally look forward to the day when they will receive their new dentures. They are happy about the prospect that former dental problems will soon be over. Then, the day arrives when the new dentures are inserted and they are frequently shocked that a new array of dental problems are just beginning. In order to receive the maximum possible service and satisfaction from new dentures, the patient must understand certain relevant and pertinent facts–whether they have previously worn dentures or not. Many misconceptions and erroneous ideas exist concerning the use and care of complete dentures.

New Advances

The art and science of prosthetic dentistry has advanced rapidly during recent years and new techniques and materials have greatly improved our ability to replace missing tissue with functional and natural looking artificial appliances or prostheses. However, it must be remembered from the outset that no prosthesis or artificial substitute, regardless of how painstakingly fabricated, will ever function as efficiently as the original living tissues. Research has shown that the chewing efficiency of experienced denture patients is, at best, less than twenty percent that of the average chewing efficiency of patients with natural teeth. You are in good hands when in the care of Reno Tahoe Dental.

Positive Attitude

Your mental attitude and adaptability are of utmost importance in learning to use new dentures. Do not expect too much from them, especially at first. The dentist can only provide the denture treatment and then advise you. You must have the patience and perseverance to learn to use the dentures.

Learning New Skills

Just as learning to swim, or skate, or ski, or ride a bicycle can be traumatic experiences, so it may be in learning to use new dentures. These are all physical skills that must be learned and no one is an expert in the beginning. The length of time required to learn to use dentures varies and depends on many factors such as age, general health, nutrition, muscle tone, tissue condition, coordination and mental attitude. Since no two patients are exactly alike, all patients cannot expect the same degree of skill or success in using dentures. However, it should be remembered that millions of other people have learned this skill and the odds are likely that you will too.

Erroneous Advice

Please beware of relatives and friends who are denture wearers. Most denture wearers consider themselves experts on the subject and are eager to give you advice based on their experiences. Such advice can be inaccurate and harmful to you. Seek the advice of only an expert such as Debra Markoff, D.D.S. your dentist, who has the training and experience to treat your specific problems.

Many denture patients would like to ignore the fact that they are, to a degree, handicapped. It is evident that a man with an artificial leg would have great difficulty becoming a professional football player. The denture patient must also learn to live with certain limitations. Since you will be wearing dentures from now on, it is no disgrace to use them in a manner that will help insure your ability to wear them in the future. Despite the limitations, your denture will restore your appearance, speech, and ability to chew—-when you master their use.

The First Few Days

For the first day after receiving new dentures you should expect only to be able to keep the dentures in your mouth. Chewing should be limited to soft foods and the dentures should be worn all night the first night only. Dentists normally insist on an adjustment appointment the next day. Movement of the dentures during function sometimes causes red spots to develop during the first 24 hours which could become painful denture ulcers, if not treated.

Some patients experience an initial abundance of saliva which is stimulated by the presence of the new dentures. Soon the salivary glands will adjust to the presence of the dentures and resume their normal production. Until then, you should simply swallow more frequently.

Occasionally, patients experience a gagging sensation when they first begin to wear dentures. Gagging is a reaction that will gradually disappear as the dentures are worn. Do not insist that the upper denture is too long. Anatomic landmarks determine the exact length of the denture and the seal or suction will be destroyed if the denture is shortened. If this problem occurs, consult your dentist, but remember this is a problem that you must largely overcome through perseverance.

Frequently patients have the sensation that the tongue is too confined and interferes with the stability of the lower denture. This is particularly true if the back teeth have been missing a long time or if a previous denture was not extended properly below the tongue. In these situations, the tongue muscle can lose its tone and become wider and flattened, filling the space of the missing teeth. As the new denture is worn, the tongue will regain its muscle tone and become narrower and more rounded. The dentist may thin the tongue sides of the denture to help this problem.

Denture Adjustments

Denture irritations or sore spots will invariably develop and will require adjustment by the dentist. These irritations are caused by movement of the dentures during function. Time is available each week for such appointments, so please call and reserve a time if problems develop. Never attempt to adjust or repair a denture yourself. If an area is particularly sore, leave the denture out as much as possible until the day of the adjustment appointment and rinse your mouth frequently with warm salt water rinses.

Difficulty in speaking is another hurdle which must be overcome with patience and practice. Speech patterns will improve only after the tissues of the mouth become accustomed to the new dentures and control of the lower denture is learned. If you watch yourself in a mirror and say the sounds that give you trouble, this sometimes helps the speech “computer” adapt to the new dentures.

Mastication (Chewing)

The greatest problem by far is relearning to eat. Eating with complete dentures is quite different from eating with natural teeth. Natural teeth are embedded in bone and have individual sensory nerves capable of sensing pain, pressure and temperature. A denture, however, functions as a single tooth, is anchored to nothing, feels nothing, and rests on soft, movable tissues covering the jaw bones.

If a denture is to remain stable during chewing, the forces of chewing must be distributed uniformly over the denture bearing surfaces. Forces applied to only one side of the denture will compress the tissue under that side, while tipping the other side away from the tissue and breaking the seal. Although some patients are proud of the fact that they can take bites out of such things as apples and corn-on-the-cob, it must be pointed out that dentures were never intended for biting things off with the front teeth. A denture is like a canoe–if you stand up in the front of a canoe, it will tend to upset. The long term result of this practice is damage to the underlying bone.

One solution to the problem of chewing with complete dentures is learning to chew simultaneously on both sides. Brittle foods such as saltine crackers may offer good practice. Place half a small cracker on one side and half on the other side. Attempt to chew slowly and thoroughly and then swallow. At first, this two-sided chewing may seem difficult because we tend to chew on one side only with natural teeth. Two-sided chewing can be learned and it is probably better to chew on both sides at once with complete dentures.

Get in the habit early, especially in social situations, of selecting foods which can be placed on the back teeth. Methodically chew on both sides at once until it can be swallowed. Gradually, this process will become natural and rarely will anyone be aware of your denture limitations-unless you call attention to them yourself. Some patients find that the use of commercial denture adhesives are helpful during this learning period and they often become accustomed to the confidence provided by the additional adhesion.

Healthy Diet

Certain foods are often avoided by denture patients, i.e., tough fibrous meats, tough breads and hard rolls. Tiny, hard particles that cannot be softened by saliva can be extremely painful if they get under the dentures. Examples are strawberry and raspberry seeds and particles of nuts and carrots. Sticky substances such as chewing gum and caramels can stick to the dentures and should be avoided.

Proper nutrition and fluid balance are important to both your general health and to your success in wearing dentures. Taking a daily multiple vitamin is recommended. Avoid the usual tendency to indulge in soft carbohydrates (sweets) that are high in calories and low in food value. A well balanced diet should contain some daily portion of the following types of foods: low fat milk, cheese, bread, cereals, meats (especially fish or fowl), green and yellow vegetables, fruits and water (2 quarts per day).

Above all, wear the dentures at mealtime despite the difficulties. Do not become discouraged. Don’t fall on the “crutch” of using old dentures or doing without. This will only prolong the adjustment period. Remember, millions have learned these skills and you can too.

Mouth and Denture Care

Dentures should remain out of the mouth for an eight-hour period during each twenty-four hours. This rest period is essential for the long-term health of the denture supporting tissues. Research has shown that certain pathologic conditions can occur if the dentures are worn continuously. The gums stay healthier and the jaw bones shrink less with a daily period of rest. Most patients find it convenient to rest the mouth while sleeping. Taking the dentures out at night has thus become the recommended procedure. Dentures tend to collect even more food debris than natural teeth. Dentures must be removed from the mouth and cleaned after eating and before retiring at night. The complete denture patient should have two brushes, a denture brush for cleaning the dentures and a soft toothbrush for brushing the gums and tongue. The denture brush has a small tuft of bristles on one side which helps clean inside the denture. Please do not use toothpaste on dentures. The abrasives in regular toothpaste polish enamel without damage but can be damaging over time to the plastic denture bases and artificial teeth. Use a dentifrice made specifically for dentures, or simply brush them with liquid soap or plain water. Since the plastic denture material is breakable, it is an excellent idea to brush the dentures over a sink partially filled with water. Many dentures have been broken by dropping them into an empty sink.

Remember that tartar or calculus can form on dentures just as on natural teeth. Stains and tartar generally do not form on dentures that are thoroughly brushed daily. Remember also that “dentures breath” is caused by unclean dentures in an unclean mouth.

Whenever dentures are out of the mouth they should be stored in clean water. Failure to keep dentures wet results in the material drying out and warpage can occur. Dentures should be stored overnight in a denture cup and a commercial cleaner may be used if desired. Such cleaners can make dentures taste and smell better but should not be considered a substitute for brushing.

Future Denture Needs

As a child develops, his or her jaw bones grow for the purpose of supporting the teeth. When the teeth are removed, the body knows that bone is no longer needed, and the bone that supported the teeth immediately begins to shrink away. This shrinkage is greatest during the first year after teeth are removed but continues slowly throughout life. Studies have also shown that wearing dentures accelerates this process. It is generally accepted that sufficient changes in the jaw bones and soft tissues occurs in six to ten years to require the construction of new dentures. However, there is wide variation among patients and sometimes the internal surface of the denture needs to be updated earlier by what is call a reline procedure.

Since we know the tissues of the mouth were never intended to support artificial dentures, and that dentures can damage these tissues, it is important for denture patients to be examined by the dentist at least once each year. Any unusual changes in the mouth should be reported to the dentist immediately. Patients who use tobacco and drink alcoholic beverages should probably be seen every six months.

There are some patients who never master the use of complete dentures. Perhaps they cannot learn to keep the lower denture stable enough to chew, or perhaps they can not get accustomed to having the whole palate covered by the denture. In the past, little could be done for these patients. Today, such problems can often be managed through the use of dental implants. For example, as few as two dental implants can markedly improve the retention and stability of a lower denture.

Finally, with regard to denture breakage and repairs, please avoid super glue and do-it-yourself reline and repair kits. These products generally delay proper treatment and increase the risk of injury to your mouth. When such problems occur, please see Debra Markoff, D.D.S. your dentist, not your druggist. Every effort will be made to manage any future denture problems in a timely manner, so please do not hesitate to call for an appointment. It has been a privilege to provide you with your complete dentures and we hope that you will quickly master their use.